It was first called the Sturgeon Moon by Native American tribes, who tracked the seasons by the lunar calendar.
The name comes from the fact that sturgeon – the fish are most easily caught at this time of year.
A full moon occurs each month when the sun, Earth and moon line up, with the Earth in between the two.
Learn Native American Names The Anishnaabe (Chippewa and Ojibwe) call it miini-giizis, the berry moon, while the Assiniboine of the northern plains named it capasapsaba, black cherries moon. The Lakota call it wasutoa wi, moon of the ripening, while the Sioux dubbed it cherries turn black. Likewise the Tlingit have dubbed their August full moon sha-ha-yi, or berries ripe on mountain. Also in the fruit realm are the Wishram of the Columbia River in Washington and Oregon, who called it blackberry patches moon, and the Shawnee, with po’kamawi kiishthwa, or plum moon.
Other names evoke aspects of summer: The Passamaquoddy call it apsqe, feather shedding moon; similarly, the Arapaho of the Great Plains called it geese shedding their feathers moon. The Shoshone call it simply hot, which is guuteyai-mea’.
Then there’s the Mohawk’s seskehko:wa, moon of freshness, the Hopi with paamuya, or moon of joyful, and the Choctaw, whose name spans late August–September, the frisky Hash Tek Inhasi, or courting time. Lastly we have the Kalapuya of Oregon in the Pacific Northwest, who named it after the waning season: akupiu, end of summer.
August Full Moon Names From Native American and Other Different Cultures Joyful Moon (Hopi). First Acorns (Pomo). Ripen moon (Dakota). Dispute Moon (Celtic). Cutter Moon (Abernaki). Dog Days moon (Yuchi). Corn Silk Moon (Ponca). Harvest Moon (Chinese). Berry Moon (Anishnaabe). Women’s Moon (Choctaw). Mulberries Moon (Natchez). Middle moon (Potawatomi). Freshness Moon (Mohawk). Yelow flower moon (Osage). Blackberry Moon (Wishram). Acorns Ripen Moon (Maidu). Wheat Cut Moon (San Juan). Lightning Moon (Neo Pagan). Black Cherries Moon (Sioux). Yellow Leaves moon (Kiowa). Edible Corn Moon (Algonquin). Young Ducks Fly Moon (Cree). Black Cherries Moon (Assiniboine). Dog Day’s Moon (Colonial American). Autumn Moon (Taos Native American). Corn Moon, Wort Moon (Medieval English). Geese Shedding Feathers Moon (Arapaho). Feather Shedding Moon (Passamaquoddy). Dispute Moon (Full Janic), Harvest Moon (Dark Janic). Big Harvest moon, Heat Moon, Big Rippening Moon (Creek). Fruit Moon, Drying Moon, Last Fruit Moon, Grain Moon (Cherokee). Red Moon,Sturgeon Moon, Green Corn Moon, Dog Days Moon (Algonquin).